MBBS (Gold Medalist)
Diploma in Orthopedics
Fellowship in Arthroplasty (Joint Replacement), Revision Arthroplasty and Arthroscopy (Munich, Germany)
Fellowship in Sports Medicine (ISAKOS: International Society of Arthoscopy, Knee Surgery And Orthopedic Sports Medicine)
Home Exercises Program
For Patients having Knee Arthritis and Knee Replacement Surgery:
Written by: Dr. Ankur Saurav
Fellowship in Joint Replacement(Germany)
Fellowship in Sports medicine (ISAKOS)
I would like to thank all my patients for encouraging me to write yet another article on your knee care. I received lot of mails and messages from my patients to guide them about the exercises to be done at home for patients suffering from knee arthritis or had Knee Replacement. In this period of lockdown due to COVID-19, many patients are unable to continue their physio sessions as before.
This home exercise program demonstrates 18 exercises that can increase knee motion and strength. The program is useful for patients who have knee arthritis and also for patients recovering from knee replacement surgery. They are performed while lying in bed, sitting in a chair and standing. Consistent efforts will produce the best results. You may consider performing the lying down exercises in the morning and evening while in bed, and the sitting and standing exercises during the day. You should exercise your good leg as well. After exercising the knee, consider using an ice pack to control any swelling.
A. Knee Exercises While Lying in bed or floor
Ankle Pumps: Push your foot all the way down, followed by pulling your toes all the way up. Repeat 20 times.
Heel Slides: : Bend your knee toward your buttocks by sliding your heel(Try to bring your heels upto the level of of the other knee). Keep the heel on the bed at all times. Next, slide your leg back down flat. Repeat 10-15 times.
Straight leg Raises: Tighten your thigh muscles and lift your leg 5 inches off the bed. Keep the knee as straight as possible and tighten your thigh muscles. Hold for 10 seconds then lower the leg. Repeat 10-15 times.
Quadriceps Sets:Place a towel under your ankle and keep your leg straight. Slowly tighten the muscles on the front of the thigh. Imagine that you are pushing the knee cap into the bed. Hold for 10 seconds then slowly release the muscles. Repeat 10 times
Lying Knee Extension: Move the towel to under your lower thigh. Straighten the knee and lift your foot off the bed. Hold for 10 seconds then lower your foot to the bed. Repeat 10 times.
Gluteal Sets: Tighten the buttock muscles by squeezing them together. Hold the squeeze for 10 seconds. Repeat 10 times.
Hamstring Sets: Slightly bend your exercising knee, while keeping the other leg flat on the bed. Slowly tighten the muscles on the back of the thigh and hold them contracted for 10 seconds. Repeat 10 times.
B. Knee Exercises While Sitting In a chair or on a firm couch
Knee Extension:Straighten your knee by lifting your ankle as much as you can. Hold the knee straight for 10 seconds then slowly lower the ankle. Repeat 10 times. As you get stronger, use an ankle weight (between one and ten pounds) to increase resistance.
Knee Extension with foot stool: : Place your ankle on a stool or another chair. Tighten the front thigh muscles to push the knee toward the floor. Hold for 10 seconds then slowly release muscle tension. Repeat 10 times.
Assisted Knee Bend:Bend the knee as much as possible. Cross your legs with the good leg in front. Use your front ankle to push your surgery leg further back. Hold for 10 seconds then release the tension. Repeat 10 times.
Adductor Set:Place a towel or ball between your thighs. Squeeze the thighs together and hold for 10 seconds. Repeat 10-15 times.
C. Knee Exercises While Standing Hold onto a supportive surface
Knee Bend: :Bend your surgery knee so that your ankle rises toward the buttock. Hold for 10 seconds. Repeat 10-15 times
Terminal Extension: : Start with the knee slightly bent. Gently straighten the knee as much as possible by tightening your thigh muscles. Hold for 10 seconds. Repeat 10-15 times.
Heel Raises:Lift both heels off the ground. Hold for 5 seconds. Slowly return the heels to the ground. Repeat 15 times.
Toe Raises:Lift the toes off the ground. Hold for 5 seconds. Slowly return the toes to the ground. Repeat 15 times.
Hip Flexion:Slowly lift your knee up toward the shoulder while bending the hip. Hold for 5 seconds then slowly bring your foot to the ground. Repeat 10 times
Hip Extension: Slowly bring your surgery leg backwards, keeping your knee straight. Hold for 5 seconds. Return your foot to the ground. Repeat 10 times.
Hip Abduction: Slowly bring your surgery leg out to the side. Hold your balance for 5 seconds. Return your foot to the ground. Repeat 10 times.
Important: All patients should do their exercises as per thier Knee Surgeon advice.
Feel free to write to me your questions and feedbacks as they are my driving forces...